Urdu is without doubt one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Aside from that, communities all over the world speak it. In total nearly 4 million individuals, speak the Urdu language.
A number of factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The 4 most essential of all the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Army who belonged to different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Army’.To communicate with one another fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
However, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Really, the language was simpler than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In those instances, speaking Urdu grew to become one of many trendiest things. Soon the Hindu population too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu through poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent had been very interested in the poetry. Amir Khusro was the primary man who attempted Urdu poetry in the 13th century. It was a huge success. Nonetheless, for one more century nobody prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. Within the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a major enhance to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in each way. They used to hold Mushairas in their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Apart from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu by prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu brief story or novel did not grow to be a trend. The most important reason is that the Royals were never interested in the reading. However, after the decline of Mughals and in the period of the British, a very clever man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the person was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the primary novel of Urdu, the novel became a huge success. Even immediately the novel is widespread and in demand. The truth is, Deputy Nazir Ahmed could be called the first and essentially the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu by means of journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. However, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. The truth is, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So they started monthly, bimonthly, and weekly digest with give attention to the current affairs and political satires.
Those magazines also had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It is needless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed quite a bit to the mental awakening of the folks of the subcontinent.
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